Albania, officially the Republic of Albania, is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra, also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra, is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France in the north and Spain in the south.
Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia, is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Azerbaijan, officially the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.
Belarus, officially the Republic of Belarus, formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Bosnia and Herzegovina, sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city.
Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in southeastern Europe.
Croatia, officially the Republic of Croatia, is a country situated at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Cyprus, officially the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
The Czech Republic, also known as Czechia, is a landlocked nation state in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and a sovereign state.
Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia, is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Finland, officially the Republic of Finland is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe.
Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, historically also known as Hellas, is a country located in Southern Europe, with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2016.
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Hungary is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi) in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of 348,580 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
Ireland, also known as the Republic of Ireland, is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.
Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of 2,724,900 square kilometres (1,052,100 sq mi).
Latvia, officially the Republic of Latvia, is an independent republic in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein, is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Central Europe.
Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania, is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
Macedonia, officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta, is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
Moldova, officially the Republic of Moldova, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south by way of the disputed territory of Transnistria.
Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco, is a sovereign city-state, country and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe.
Montenegro, meaning "Black Mountain" is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe.
The Netherlands, also known informally as Holland, is a country in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million
Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a sovereign state and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a sovereign state located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
Romania is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Southeastern and Eastern Europe.
Russia, also officially known as the Russian Federation, is a sovereign country in Eurasia.
San Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino, also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino, is an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy, situated on the Italian Peninsula on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains.
Serbia, officially the Republic of Serbia, is a sovereign state situated at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe in the southern Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans.
Slovakia, officially the Slovak Republic, is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Slovenia, officially the Republic of Slovenia, is a nation state located in southern Central Europe.
Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a federal republic in Europe.
Click here for a comprehensive guide and the 100 best things to do in Switzerland.
Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Ukraine, sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Vatican City, officially Vatican City State or State of Vatican City, is an independent state located within the city of Rome.
Abkhazia is a disputed territory on the eastern coast of the Black Sea, south of the Greater Caucasus mountains, in northwestern Georgia.
The Republic of Artsakh, commonly known by its former name of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic between 1991 and 2017, is a state with limited recognition in the South Caucasus.
Kosovo is a partially recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe that declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo.
Northern Cyprus, officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, is a partially recognised state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus.
South Ossetia or Tskhinvali Region, is a Georgian territory occupied by Russia in the South Caucasus, located in the territory of the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast within the former Georgian SSR.
Transnistria, the self-proclaimed Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, and also called Transdniester, Trans-Dniestr, Transdniestria, or Pridnestrovie, is a non-recognized state which controls part of the geographical region Transnistria (the area between the Dniester river and Ukraine).
Akrotiri and Dhekelia, officially the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, is a British Overseas Territory on the island of Cyprus.
The Åland Islands or Åland is an archipelago province at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea belonging to Finland.
The Bailiwick of Guernsey is one of three Crown dependencies.
Jersey, officially the Bailiwick of Jersey, is a Crown dependency located near the coast of Normandy, France.
The Faroe Islands, sometimes called the Faeroe Islands, is an archipelago between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic, about halfway between Norway and Iceland, 320 kilometres (200 miles) north-northwest of Scotland.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.
Greenland is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
The Isle of Man, is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.
Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean.
Heligoland is a small German archipelago in the North Sea.
The Pelagie Islands, are the three small islands of Lampedusa, Linosa, and Lampione, located in the Mediterranean Sea between Malta and Tunisia, south of Sicily.
Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.